This article is for backpackers and independent or solo travellers who need to stretch their budget as far as possible.

Couch Surfing (you might get a bed!)

Stay in a host’s home, sleeping in what ever spare space is available, bed, couch, or floor. There are plenty of online communities and not for profit organisations enabling hosts and guests to get in touch. It’s a good way to meet people in the country your visiting, if your lucky they involve you in the local entertainment or at least point you in the direction of things you wouldn’t normally see as a tourist.

Cautionary note: most sites do zero or minimal vetting of hosts and guests.

The Hospitality Club Thousands of members, membership is free. Free, covers over 230 countries and territories. Free to join, you are expected to be a host as well.

Servas International when checked, it had the best vetting process out of the sites listed here. Both guests and hosts registering with the site are interviewed as part of the vetting process. This takes time so you can’t organise somewhere to sleep immediately. You also have to pay a fee to cover the cost of vetting.

Drawbacks; “Judith” listed the downsides of her Couch Surfing experience on Yahoo Answers:

  • Spending hours on your computer, finding and arranging each stay.
  • Couch Surfing hosts changing their mind at the last minute. Leaving you with nowhere to stay and hunting for accommodation at whatever cost.
  • As well as the practical aspects; the worry that your next host could let you down might impact on your enjoyment of the vacation.

It may cost, but if you book a hostel (see this review of Hostel Booking sites) you
can be almost 100% confident that there will be a bed waiting for you.

Working for your board and lodging/volunteering

The links below provide contact details of hosts offering a roof for your work. You may have to work hard for a number of hours each day, but could end up gaining a better insight into the country you are visiting and in some cases be helping charitable or ecological projects. Examples of work and locations range from helping out on organic farms in Australia, through decorating a new hostel in Moldova, to helping out on a reforestation project in India. As featured in the Guardian.

Help Exchange Founded in 2001 by an experienced “board for work” traveller from the UK. World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms.

Make sure your Travel Insurance policy covers you for the type of work you have arranged to do.

an asside on “Volunteering” package companies: Many “voluntourism” companies offer little more than overpriced experience packages that do little for the area you are visiting. Even volunteering through legitimate well run not for profits can be expensive. Volunteering in a later blog.

Home Exchange

Not an area I’m familiar but you could check out: to quote from their website: “Basically it means you stay in someone’s house, flat or apartement for an agreed period of time, while they stay in yours, at no extra cost. For instance you go to New York for a week, to stay in Ben and Mary their house, while Ben and Mary stay at your place at the same time.”

Sleeping at airports speaks for itself, has reviews and advice by airport.

Sleeping on trains


I bought a 30 day USA Rail pass and used it to go coast to coast across the USA, stopping off at various towns and cities enroute. Unlike British and European railways, the seats were very wide comfortable recliners and as eighteen hour plus journeys were not untypical I saved on hostel costs by sleeping on the train.


Sleeping in a seat on European trains is nowhere near as comfortable as cross-country Amtrak, but if you are happy sleeping on a UK train overnight you should not have a problem sleeping on a European train.

Sleeper Cars – okay not free but in parts of Eastern Europe very cheap. Why pay to sleep in a hostel overnight and then travel during waking hours? When traveling solo with an expensive laptop I have even used first class sleepers (Bucharest – Chisinau, Moldova; Istanbul – Plovdiv, Bulgaria; and Ukraine to Poland) these were 2 berth, inexpensive by Western standards, and I only had to share on the Moldova train.

Some years ago I read of thefts taking place on Polish overnight trains, even from people in locked sleeping cars, so check out the latest travel advice by country (from the FCO) on our trip planning dashboard, and your Travel Guides (left sidebar) for the current situation.


During my hostel stays I have met fellow backpackers working for hostels to provide them with accommodation and pocket money (initially they were paying guests like the rest of us). I guess the chance of getting casual work like this is low. But Hostels are, mostly, cheap and if you are travelling country to country on a Gap Year I highly recommend them. If you are a solo traveler, like me, you will probably end up traveling to other destinations with companions you met at the hostel. Check out TC’s review of hostel-booker sites to see how they rate on choice, hostel reviews and cost.